“More than one million known species of plants and animals [exist in the world’s oceans], and scientists say there may be as many as nine million species we haven’t discovered yet” writes Discovery Education. These astonishing numbers grow even higher if we consider all the aquatic life in the world’s rivers, seas, lakes, and swamps. But despite this wealth of life, around “2,300 species are listed as endangered or threatened” according to NOAA Fisheries. This number is likely to grow as the impact of human activity on aquatic habitats worsens. Our oceans are polluted and often dangerous for the wildlife that once enjoyed their bounty, with around “5.25 trillion pieces of plastic debris in the ocean as of 2015” according to National Geographic.
Overfishing, ever-increasing consumer demand, pollution/climate change, and a host of other factors are threatening the world’s seafood supply. One solution that has proven effective is aquaculture, or fish farming, although it is not without controversy. While farmed seafood from many (primarily western) countries is safe, stock from unregulated or poorly regulated countries has left consumers wondering if the non-wild fish they are eating is healthy. Lab testing and investigations have uncovered cancerous chemicals, as well as human and other animal waste, in the water. On top of that, some of the fish farms were engaged in activities considered illegal in most countries.
This is where IoT technology can offer tremendous benefits. It can optimize any aquaculture operation, plus ensure everything grown and harvested meets accepted standards.