How IoT Improves Rain Gauge Technology

Posted by on Oct 25, 2018 5:00:00 AM Carmi Brandis  
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Over the last 20 year, more than two billion people have been affected by flooding disasters, according to an article from the United Kingdom's Channel 4 News. Those affected by floods comprise not only people living in urban areas, but also farmers whose livelihood depend on understanding weather patterns, which are becoming more unpredictable. Rain gauges, ranging from simple water-collecting devices to more complex optical detectors, play an important role in managing and preventing flooding disasters when precipitation levels rise.

In urban areas, municipalities can collect data from rain gauges to provide the public with regular weather forecasting, and to monitor climate conditions in preparation for floods and weather-related disasters in a timely manner. Similarly, IoT rain gauges can be designed for rural agriculturalists to improve their irrigation systems to protect their assets and farmland.

Collecting Water and Data for Smart City Flooding Remediation

The growth of urbanization has led to increased flood risks throughout the globe. The construction of roads, parking lots, and other impenetrable, sealed surfaces in these urban areas prevent the earth’s ground from soaking up rainfall, instead causing excessive runoff and pools of water to accumulate throughout cities during heavy rains. There is the added risk of harmful chemicals, debris, diseases, and other contaminants dispersing throughout cities when floods occur.

Urban developers and resource planners can reduce the risk of flood damage by expanding their smart city infrastructure with IoT rain gauges. When dispersed throughout a city, IoT water-measuring devices can collect data remotely on precipitation levels in real time, allowing city planners to know instantly when evacuations, road closures, and reservoir water releases become necessary to prevent disasters.  

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IoT rain gauges are designed to constantly collect and aggregate data. Over time, city planners can use this smart data to see what areas of their municipalities may be suffering the most from road closures and flood-related contamination. The data collected from IoT rain gauges can inform decisions regarding where infrastructural improvements need to be made, such as flattening roads, installing automated floodgates, or developing evacuation and detour routes to prevent traffic and life-threatening dangers related to urban flooding.

Automating Water Disbursements to Regulate Rural Resources

Agriculturalists are particularly susceptible to the effects that precipitation has on the water flow throughout their property. For agriculturalists with expansive farmlands, there is great potential for IoT rain gauges to improve the irrigation systems that play an important role in the safety and success of their crops.

Farmers must consider where to relocate livestock, how to protect machinery, and how to ensure that stored chemicals don’t leak when high levels of precipitation lead to a threat of flooding. IoT rain gauges, dispersed throughout property, can work in automated communication with additional irrigation equipment, such as IoT soil probes, to measure water levels both above ground and in the soil to determine the best placement for run-off ponds or sediment traps that can prevent damage in the case of flooding.

When considering water supply to crops, IoT rain gauges can assist in the automated regulation of irrigation systems. When these rain gauges determine low precipitations levels, they can communicate with irrigation equipment to signal a need for water disbursements. Irrigation technology improved with IoT can ensure that crops stay hydrated, that water can be conserved, and that the time-consuming need to manually measure and decide on water usage can be eliminated.

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Gauging a Water Collection Solution with Aeris

Well-designed IoT rain gauge devices use telemetry to collect accurate, high-quality precipitation measurements and correlating data. By transmitting this high-quality data over cellular networks in real time, urban planners and rural farmers alike can improve the infrastructures they rely on to prevent the often disastrous and damaging effects of flooding.

Whether you are and urban planner seeking ways to improve your city’s meteorological technology, or an agriculturalist working to improve your farm’s irrigation system, Aeris can help you gauge what solution is right for you. Contact us today.

Topics: smart cities, smart irrigation, water monitoring, water management, flood prevention