Internet of Things development is making great strides, but there are still problems IoT software developers must face before mass adoption of the technology – similar to smartphones and the Internet – occurs. IoT developers are facing the same integration issues web and mobile developers had to solve years ago: security, data, compatibility, and other technology concerns. IoT is the future of data collection and categorization, but these challenges must be kept in mind and anticipated for IoT to develop into a technology that impacts the entire world.
With so many interconnected variables at work in an IoT system, security is a top concern for the longevity of the system and essential for user trust and adoption. IoT systems have the potential to transmit sensitive business, health, civic, and personal information, all of which are of great interest to hackers and competitors. The Target data breach of 2013 forced consumers to cancel their debit and credit cards in droves, but the information stolen was only through the Internet. Since IoT’s network is implemented within the world we live in, users need confidence that network hacking will not affect the physical world around them. Before IoT can be accepted on a worldwide scale, security must be robust and reliable.
IoT Data Overload
Another hurdle for IoT developers is sorting through the daunting volume of data required for the system to communicate and run effectively. With a global IoT, there will be millions more connected devices transmitting data concurrently. All this information must be processed and sorted correctly before the IoT system can provide the benefits and solutions initially forecast. Only through effective data management can IoT achieve its goals
Technological and Industrial Communication
IoT is still an emerging technology, so while there are many developers working to create standards and processes within the industry, there are few cohesive standard in place, resulting in compatibility issues. The Internet itself was built and grew as a self- contained network. It has found its primary operating system in Linux, and communications occur between machines created with the intent to connect to the Internet.
IoT developers do not yet have a standard operating system to work with, and a majority of what is being tracked with IoT is not optimized for Internet usage. Cars, water pumps, and heart monitors have different requirements and need to be able to communicate with the system. As IoT grows, we can expect more collaboration from developers to streamline processes and establish industry standards.
Any emerging technology is going to run into challenges and issues that must be addressed before they are embraced. This is not unique to IoT, but the sooner these issues can be addressed, and these questions answered, the sooner IoT will jump to the forefront of business and consumer awareness and usage.